6.     Establishing proof


There is no one to whom leaving no excuse is dearer than to Allah. Allah sent the Messengers and revealed the Books so that people would have no excuse on the Day of Resurrection. Allah (swt) said:” Messengers as bearers of good news as well as of warning in order that mankind should have no plea against Allah after the (coming of) Messengers…” (Qur’an 4: 165)

If Allah did not send the Messengers, then the people would come on the Day of Resurrection disputing with Allah and saying:” How can You punish us and send us to Hell when You did not send to us anyone who could tell us what You wanted of us?” As Allah (swt) said:” And if We had destroyed them with a torment before this (i.e. Messenger Muhammad and the Qur’an), they would surely, have said:’ Our Lord! If only You had sent us a Messenger, we should certainly have followed Your ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses), before we were humiliated and disgraced.” (Qur’an 20: 134)


If Allah had destroyed them with a punishment because of their kufr before He had sent a Messenger to them, they would have said:” Why did you not send us a Messenger so that we could have known what You wanted of us and we could followed Your signs and followed the path You wanted.”


On the Day of Resurrection, when Allah gathers together the first and the last, Allah will bring to each nation its Messenger so that he may testify against them that he conveyed the message of his Lord, and establish proof against them. Allah (swt) said:” How (will it be) then, when We bring from each nation a witness and We bring you (O’ Muhammad) as a witness against these people? On that day those who disbelieved and disobeyed the Messenger (Muhammad) will wish that they were buried in the earth, but they will never be able to hide a single fact from Allah.” (Qur’an 4: 41-42). Allah (swt) also said:” And (remember) the Day when We shall raise up from every nation a witness against them from among themselves. And We shall bring you (O’ Muhammad) as a witness against these.” (Qur’an 16: 89)


Hence those who refused to follow the Messengers and turned away from their guidance will not be able to do anything but admit their wrongdoing when punishment befell them in this world. Allah (swt) said:” How many a town (community) given to wrongdoing, have We destroyed, and raised up after

them another people! Then, when they perceived our torment (coming), behold, they (tried to) flee from it. Flee not, but return to that wherein you lived a luxurious life, and to your homes, in order that you may be questioned. They cried:’ Woe to us! Certainly we have been Zaalimoon (wrongdoers).’ And that cry of theirs ceased not, till We made them as a field that is reaped, extinct (dead).” (Qur’an 21: 11-15)


On the Day of Resurrection, when they are driven to that terrible fate, before they are thrown into Hell, they will be asked about their sins and they will confess. Allah (swt) said:” It almost bursts up with fury. Every time a group is cast therein, its keeper will ask:’ Did no warner come to you?’ They will say:’ Yes, indeed a warner did come to us, but we belied him and said:’ Allah never sent down anything (of revelation); you are only in great error.” And they will say:’ Had we but listened or used our intelligence, we would not have been among the dwellers of the blazing Fire!’ Then they will confess their sin. So, away with the dwellers of the blazing Fire!” (Qur’an 67: 8-11)


When they start to scream in Hell, after the torment surround them on all sides and they cry and yell, the keeper of Hell will say to them:” Did there not come to you, your Messengers with (clear) evidences (and sings)?” They will say:”Yes.” They will reply:” Then call (as you like)! And the invocation of the disbelievers is nothing but in vain (as it will not be answered by Allah)!” (Qur’an 40: 50)


7.     Directing the affairs of the ummah


Those who respond to the Messengers form a jama’ah (community) and ummah (nation). They need one who will direct their affairs. The Messengers play this role during lifetimes, and they judge among the people according to the rulings of Allah:” So judge among them by what Allah has revealed.” (Qur’an 5: 48)

The Messengers judged between the people, and they led the ummah in peace and in war, taking care of judicial matters and taking care of the people’s interests. In all of that constituted obedience to Allah:”He, who obeys the Messenger (Muhammad), has indeed obeyed Allah.” (Qur’an 4: 80).




(Prepared by Umar S. Al-Ashqar)